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Continentals even before the Constitution was adopted. The Continental was issued by both the individual states and the Continental Congress under the Articles of Confederation. Those Articles specifically allowed the issuance of legal tender paper money, at the time called "bills of credit.

Article I | The National Constitution Center

In Hepburn , Chief Justice Chase noted, "No one questions the general constitutionality, and not very many, perhaps, the general expediency of the legislation by which a note currency has been authorized in recent years. The doubt is as to the power to declare a particular class of these notes to be a legal tender in payment of pre-existing debts.

Originalists like Robert Bork have objected to enforcing the intentions of those framers who may have believed that paper money should be prohibited: "Scholarship suggests that the Framers intended to prohibit paper money. Any judge who thought today he would go back to the original intent really ought to be accompanied by a guardian rather than be sitting on a bench. Regarding paper money, Nathaniel Gorham explained at the Constitutional Convention that he "was for striking out" an explicit power of Congress to issue paper money, but Gorham was also against "inserting any prohibition.

Article I, Section 8 of the Constitution gives Congress power to "borrow money on the credit of the United States," and therefore Gorham envisioned that "The power [e. James Madison 's notes, from the Constitutional Convention in , include a footnote where he says that the Constitution would not allow the federal government to use paper as currency or legal tender, though there is no indication whether or not the contents of his footnote were uttered aloud at the Convention.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Main article: Hepburn v. Main article: Knox v. Main article: Juilliard v. Griswold , 75 U. Lee , 79 U.

Greenman , U. Retrieved Madison, James One delegate at the Constitutional Convention went so far as to say that an express power to emit paper money would be "as alarming as the mark of the Beast in Revelation". The Supreme Court's Constitution , , page "The central government would be able to emit promissory paper 'as it will be necessary or safe' pursuant to the borrowing power. The convention met at Carson City on July 4, , and adjourned on July 28 of the same year.

On the 1st Wednesday of September , the constitution was approved by the vote of the people of the Territory of Nevada, and on October 31, , President Lincoln proclaimed that the State of Nevada was admitted into the Union on an equal footing with the original states. The literal text of the original, signed copy of the constitution filed in the office of the secretary of state has been retained, unless it has been repealed or superseded by amendment. Where the original text has been amended or where a new provision has been added to the original constitution, the source of the amendment or addition is indicated in the source note immediately following the text of the amended or new section.

Leadlines for sections have been supplied by the Legislative Counsel of the State of Nevada. Right of Suffrage. Distribution of Powers. Legislative Department.

Constitutional Money

Executive Department. Judicial Department. Impeachment and Removal From Office.

Municipal and Other Corporations. Finance and State Debt. Public Institutions. Miscellaneous Provisions. Initiative and Referendum. That the Members of this Convention, elected by the Authority of the aforesaid enabling Act of Congress, Assembled in Carson City the Capital of said Territory of Nevada, and immediately subsequent to its Organization, do adopt, on behalf of the people of said Territory the Constitution of the United States[.

Slavery prohibited; freedom of religious worship; disclaimer of public lands. That there shall be in this state neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, otherwise than in the punishment for crimes, whereof the party shall have been duly convicted. That perfect toleration of religious sentiment shall be secured, and no inhabitant of said state shall ever be molested, in person or property, on account of his or her mode of religious worship. That the people inhabiting said territory do agree and declare, that they forever disclaim all right and title to the unappropriated public lands lying within said territory, and that the same shall be and remain at the sole and entire disposition of the United States; and that lands belonging to citizens of the United States, residing without the said state, shall never be taxed higher than the land belonging to the residents thereof; and that no taxes shall be imposed by said state on lands or property therein belonging to, or which may hereafter be purchased by, the United States, unless otherwise provided by the congress of the United States.

Proposed and passed by the legislature; agreed to and passed by the legislature; approved and ratified by the people at the general election. See: Statutes of Nevada , p. Slavery prohibited; freedom of religious worship; taxation of certain property. That the people inhabiting said territory do agree and declare, that lands belonging to citizens of the United States, residing without the said state, shall never be taxed higher than the land belonging to the residents thereof; and that no taxes shall be imposed by said state on lands or property therein belonging to, or which may hereafter be purchased by, the United States, unless otherwise provided by the Congress of the United States.

The first amendment was proposed and passed by the legislature; agreed to and passed by the legislature; approved and ratified by the people at the general election. The second amendment was proposed and passed by the legislature; agreed to and passed by the legislature; and approved and ratified by the people at the general election, effective on the date Congress consents to amendment or a legal determination is made that such consent is not necessary.


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We the people of the State of Nevada Grateful to Almighty God for our freedom in order to secure its blessings, insure domestic tranquility, and form a more perfect Government, do establish this Constitution. Purpose of government; paramount allegiance to United States.

Pieces of Eight: The Monetary Powers and Disabilities of the United States Constitution

Trial by jury; waiver in civil cases. Excessive bail and fines; cruel or unusual punishments; detention of witnesses. Bail; exception for capital offenses and certain murders. Rights of accused in criminal prosecutions; jeopardy; rights of victims of crime; due process of law; eminent domain.

Rights of accused in criminal prosecutions; jeopardy; due process of law; eminent domain. Rights of victim of crime. Liberty of speech and the press. Right to assemble and to petition.


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Right to keep and bear arms; civil power supreme. Quartering soldier in private house. Representation apportioned according to population. Exemption of property from execution; imprisonment for debt. Bill of attainder; ex post facto law; obligation of contract. Rights of foreigners.

The Meaning

Slavery and involuntary servitude prohibited. Unreasonable seizure and search; issuance of warrants. Limitation on recognition of marriage. Recognition of marriage. Eminent domain proceedings: Restrictions and requirements. Open, competitive retail electric energy market; granting of monopolies and exclusive franchises for generation of electricity prohibited; severability. Inalienable rights.

All men are by Nature free and equal and have certain inalienable rights among which are those of enjoying and defending life and liberty; Acquiring, Possessing and Protecting property and pursuing and obtaining safety and happiness[. All political power is inherent in the people[. But the Paramount Allegiance of every citizen is due to the Federal Government in the exercise of all its Constitutional powers as the same have been or may be defined by the Supreme Court of the United States; and no power exists in the people of this or any other State of the Federal Union to dissolve their connection therewith or perform any act tending to impair[,] subvert, or resist the Supreme Authority of the government of the United States.